This page provides general resources for those seeking further information on intellectual property related matters. These resources include links to websites and databases useful for researching intellectual property-related issues, including links to official U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and Copyright Office manuals and databases, as well as to the text of the federal rules of procedure that typically govern intellectual property lawsuits.

Federal Practice & Procedure

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, or Fed. R. Civ. P., are the official rules governing civil procedure in federal United States district courts. These rules govern topics including: pleadings, discovery, motions, defenses, counterclaims, etc..

Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure
The Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, or Fed. R. App. P., are the official rules governing appellate procedure in the United States Courts of Appeals.

Federal Rules of Evidence
The Federal Rules of Evidence are the rules governing the introduction of evidence in both civil and criminal trials.

Jury Instructions
Jury instructions are legal rules for jurors to follow when deciding the outcome of a case. These instructions vary among judicial circuits and districts. Circuits having model jury instructions are linked below:

Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER)
The Public Access to Court Electronic Records service, or PACER, is an electronic public access service that allows users to obtain case and docket information online from federal, district, and bankruptcy courts.

Delaware Default Standard for Discovery, Including Discovery of ESI
The Delaware Default Standard for Discovery, including discovery of ESI, governs the preservation of discoverable information, initial discovery procedures, and electronic discovery procedures, among other things. In the context of patent disputes, there are also specific procedures relating to initial infringement and invalidity contentions.

Delaware Default Standard for Access to Source Code
The Delaware Default Standard for Access to Source Code is a default standard for obtaining source code during discovery in patent litigation. The standard requires that access to source code be made available for inspection, and password protected to ensure secrecy of sensitive information.

Patent Resources

Google Patents (
Google Patents, or, is a search engine developed by Google that indexes patents and patent applications from over 15 different countries. The search engine compiles the entire collection of granted patents and published applications from each respective country in one location.

Patent Application Information Retrieval (PAIR)
Patent Application Information Retrieval, or PAIR, is a system located wihtin the USPTO website for displaying information regarding patent application status. To search PAIR, you will need a patent, application, or publication number to find the documents associated with the file.

USPTO Patent Search Tools
The USPTO website contains a wide variety of  search resources including, among other things,  the Patent Full-Text and Image Database (PatFT), and the Patent Application Full-Text and Image Database (AppFT).

Patent Trial and Appeal Board End to End  (PTAB E2E)
The Patent Trial and Appeal Board End to End, or PTAB E2E, is a system within the USPTO website for filing and reviewing documents in ongoing proceedings at the PTAB, such as inter partes review, post-grant review, etc.

Patent Assignment Database
The Patent Assignment Database is a searchable database containing all recorded patent assignment information.

Manual of Patent Examining Procedure
The Manual of Patent Examining Procedure, or MPEP, sets forth the laws and regulations that must be followed in the examination of patent applications. The MPEP is published by the United States Patent and Trademark Office for use by both patent attorneys and examiners.

Trademark Resources

Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS)
The Trademark Electronic Search System, or TESS, is a search engine on the United States Patent and Trademark Office website that allows visitors to search the database of registered trademarks and prior trademark applications.

Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure (TMEP)
The Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, or TMEP, sets forth the laws and regulations that must be followed to apply for and maintain a trademark in the United States. The TMEP is published by the United States Patent and Trademark Office for use by trademark attorneys and examiners.

Copyright Resources

Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices
The Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices is a manual produced by the U.S. copyright office to be used as a guide for copyright policies and procedures. Unlike the copyright act, the compendium does not have the force of law, but it can be cited to as persuasive authority.

Copyright Circulars
Copyright Circulars provide an informal explanation of the rules and regulations involved in copyright law. They provide basic information for individuals seeking to obtain and maintain a copyright registration.

Electronic Copyright Office (eCO)
The Electronic Copyright Office allows users to register basic copyright claims online.  In addition, registrants may use eCO to submit some (but not all) types of deposit copies.