Irwin IP Case Of The Week

Arizona Mandates SaaS Providers Implement API

The United States District Court for the District of Arizona recently denied a motion for a preliminary injunction seeking to avoid compliance with an Arizona law requiring software providers to implement an application programming interface.  The Court found the law was not preempted by the Copyright Act and did not

A Splintered Opinion at the Corner of Joinder and State Immunity

On July 24, 2020, in a splintered three-opinion decision,[1] the Federal Circuit held that due to Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity, the University of Texas (“UT”) could not be involuntarily joined by its licensee, Gensetix, as a plaintiff to a patent infringement lawsuit.  Despite prior case law finding that a patent

Inter Partes Means Inter Partes

On July 6, the PTO’s Precedential Opinion Panel (“POP”) held that when examining proposed amended claims in AIA trials, PTAB panels may raise grounds for rejection sua sponte, but should do so only in rare circumstances and with adequate notice.  In this, the fourth opinion issued by the POP, a

BOOKING.COM – Generic. no. Trademark. yeah.

Last week, the Supreme Court held that the combination of a generic word and “.com” is not necessarily generic and may be eligible for federal trademark registration.  A trademark allows consumers to distinguish the goods or services of one manufacturer from another’s and permits a trademark owner to protect its

Instagram Artists Rejoice? Not Quite. Judge Reconsiders Prior Ruling, But Instagram Maintains Its Foothold On Rights

Plaintiff Stephanie Sinclair brought suit against Defendant Mashable and its parent company, alleging copyright infringement when Mashable posted Sinclair’s photograph on its website without Sinclair’s authorization.  The Court originally granted Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss, finding that the Defendants had a valid sublicense from Instagram to post the photograph. However, on

Is Skin a Tangible Medium? The Second Circuit Won’t Touch

In a summary order, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently side-stepped a difficult question currently facing copyright law: whether the human body is a sufficiently tangible medium of expression to warrant copyright protection.   Plaintiff Sammy Mourabit (“Mourabit”), a makeup artist, provided makeup services for a 2013

Got Fees? You’ve got some explaining to do.

The Federal Circuit recently issued two opinions regarding fee awards in patent cases, both of which show the Court’s reticence to award fees in contravention of the “American Rule” where each party bears its own costs.  As such, if patent litigants seek fees as an exception to this rule (e.g.,

Fair Use in Documentary? Sounds Fishy

A federal judge recently ruled that the inclusion of the chorus of a children’s song in a documentary about burlesque dancers amounted to fair use.  The decision shows just how impactful the evolving transformative use issue can be in a fair use analysis. Tamita Brown, along with two coauthors (“the

DTSA claims without sufficient particularity are DOA

On May 13, 2020, the United States District Court for the Central District of California granted summary judgment to all corporate and individual defendants with respect to Plaintiff’s non-source-code, “know-how”-based Defend Trade Secret Act (“DTSA”) (18 U.S.C. §§ 1830-1839) claims seeking relief for misappropriation of trade secrets.  All source-code based claims

No One Can Own the Copyright to Annotated State Statutes

On April 27, 2020, in a 5-4 decision with two dissenting opinions, the United States Supreme Court held that the annotations included in Georgia’s official statute are not copyrightable.  The ruling, authored by Chief Justice Roberts, was based on the majority’s conclusion that work performed in official legislative capacity does

SCOTUS: No Willfulness Required for Profits in TM Cases

On April 23, 2020, the United States Supreme Court resolved an even circuit split[1] by unanimously holding that willful infringement is not a pre-condition to a profits award in a trademark infringement suit.  This ruling increases the likelihood that, in the affected Circuits, more trademark infringement suits will settle for